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Beginner Fish for Your Reef or FOWLR

Discussion in 'General Marine / Newbie' started by Germanman, Apr 3, 2007.

  1. Germanman

    Germanman My fish are my babies

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    well i though it would be cool thread to start since we have a thread on fish not to get and so many people ask what good fish for beginners are so ill start a few for ya all. please dont just copy and paste if u add one and try to use a picture as well:). i got all the pics form google image search and the info was typed up before hand on word and was pulled from memory and the following books;
    • A Pocket Expert Guide Marine Fishes by Scott W. Michael
    • A Pocket Experts Guide Marine Invertebrates by Ronald L. Shimek
    lets try not to start argument either lol:)
     
  2. Germanman

    Germanman My fish are my babies

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    Bangai (high-fin) Cardinal fish
    (Pterapogon kauderni)
    Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
    Temp: 76-82°F
    Adult size: ~ 3"
    Temperament: Semi-aggressive
    Reef Compatible: Yes
    Diet: mysis, brine, small meaty foods
    Origin: Indo-Pacific
    These fish are great for beginners and are readily breed and rased in aquariums. They have wonderful color and tend to be a bit territorial. They can be kept in a school in a large aquarium, (70+), but should be kept solitary or in mated pairs in smaller aquariums. They will usually fight and pair off. They seem to almost just glide or float through the water.
     

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  3. Germanman

    Germanman My fish are my babies

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    Firefish
    (Nemateleotris magnifica)
    Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallon
    Temp: 76-80°F
    Adult size: 3"
    Temperament: Peaceful
    Reef Compatible: Yes
    Diet: Mysis, plankton, brine
    Origin: Coral Sea, Indo-Pacific, Maldives
    These fish are very peaceful and tend to be shy. They need a “dart hole” to hid in and can be kept in mated pairs or groups when young, but when they get mature they tend to pair off and fight. Males have a bit of a longer dorsal fin than females but it can be hard to tell in younger individuals. They don’t do well with aggressive tank mates but can make excellent nano fish and tank mates for things like sea horses. They are also known for jumping so they should have a tight lid or hood on the aquarium as well as good hiding spots.
     

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    #3 Germanman, Apr 3, 2007
    Last edited: Apr 3, 2007
  4. Germanman

    Germanman My fish are my babies

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    Common Clown
    (Amphiprion ocellaris)

    Minimum Tank Size: 20 gallons
    Care Level: Easy
    Temp 76-81°F
    Adult size: Up to 3½"
    Temperament: Peaceful
    Reef Compatible: Yes
    Diet: mysis, brine, flake formulas, some algae, most meaty foods
    Origin: Tank bred usually
    These little fish do very well as a starter fish. They are very hardy and are fun to watch. They will usually host the Bubble tip anemone but wont always, usually not if they are tank raised. They should be kept solitary or in pairs. They can be kept in groups in larger aquariums and they will usually form a hierarchy. They readily breed in aquariums with the female being the larger of the two. They are egg layers and will deposit the eggs on a flat surface, and defend the eggs from other tank mates. The eggs will normally hatch in 6-11 days depending on the temperature. The fry should be reared in a separate aquarium on a diet of rotifers then baby brine shrimp. If they are kept with an anemone the anemone should be take care of properly…but remember they don’t need one to be happy.
     

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  5. Germanman

    Germanman My fish are my babies

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    Royal Gramma
    (Gramma loreto)
    Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
    Care Level: Easy
    Temp 78-81°F
    Adult size: 3-4"
    Temperament: Peaceful
    Reef Compatible: Yes
    Diet: most meaty foods.
    Origin: Caribbean
    These are very hardy and colorful fish. They need a cave or place to guard. They live under reef cliffs in nature so it’s not uncommon to see them swim on their back under a rock or next to one. They can be a bit territorial but are over all very peaceful unless provoked. They do well in captivity and have been know to breed. They can be kept in pairs in smaller aquariums or solitary. In aquariums 80 gallons or more there has been success with groups.
     

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  6. Germanman

    Germanman My fish are my babies

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    Feather duster worm
    (Sabellastarte sp.)
    Care Level: Easy
    Water Flow: Medium
    Tank Conditions: 78-80°F; SP 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4
    Max Size: Up to 7"
    Temperament: Peaceful
    Reef Compatible: Yes
    Diet: filter feeders do well on phytoplankton
    Origin: Hawaii
    These worms can really add some beauty to an aquarium. They are filter feeders and do need some feeding for long-term success. They will, if stressed or starved, shed their crown and grow back a new smaller one. This can occur about 3 times before they finally die, thus they should be feed well if there isn’t enough available form the live rock. They are although hardy and tend to do very well in both properly maintained new systems and mature.
     

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  7. musho3210

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    Pink Tip Anemone/Condy Anemone/Pink Caribbean Anemone
    Condylactis gigantea
    Care Level: Intermediate
    Water Flow: Medium
    Tank Conditions: 72-78 degrees F
    SG 1.023-1.025
    pH 8.1-8.4
    dKh 8-12
    Temperament: Aggressive
    Reef Compatible: With Caution
    Ideal Supplements: Iodine, Trace Elements
    Origin: Western Atlantic
    Family: Actiniidae
    Light: High, does not need as much light as pacific counterparts though.

    The Pink Tip Anemone, also known as the Haitian Reef Anemone, is found near Haiti, in lagoons or on inner reefs, as individuals, or loose groups. It is never found in connected clusters. It has a red column with long, tapering, pink-tipped tentacles. The tentacles may occasionally develop a bubble-like appearance. Generally it likes to bury the base in the sand or into the crevice of a rock for protection.
    The Pink Tip Anemone requires strong light and should never be purchased if a good lighting system is not in place. It will do well in an aquarium with live rock and several crustaceans. Although an Anemone requires a reef environment, it is not the best suited for the reef aquarium. The Pink Tip Anemone moves around the tank and has a sting that can inflict grave damage to other anemones and corals. Do not include its natural predators such as the Red-Leg Hermit Crab.

    The diet should include feedings of fish, mussels, shrimp, or other foods of this type.
    It is uncommon for a clown to host a pink tip anemone although there have been reported cases.

    Information off http://www.etropicals.com/product/prod_Display.cfm?siteid=43&pCatId=1256
     
  8. Reefscape

    Reefscape I shoot people with a Canon
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    Pic for the above..

    Niko
     

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  9. yothereyo

    yothereyo just fishing

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    Blue/Green Reef Chromis


    [​IMG]



    Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
    Care Level: Easy
    Tank Conditions: 72-78°F; sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4; dKH 8-12
    Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 3"
    Color Form: Blue-Green
    Temperament: Peaceful
    Reef Compatible: Yes
    Diet: Omnivore
    Origin: Coral Sea, Indo-Pacific, Tahiti
    Family: Pomacentridae

    The Blue Green Reef Chromis, sometimes called the Blue-Green Reeffish or Blue Green Chromis, is found in schools throughout the Indo-Pacific reefs and in the Red Sea.
    It is a very hardy fish found in a variety of aquariums. It is commonly kept long term, in small schools, and used by beginners to learn the hobby. It may also be included in larger schools in show tanks. It is a peaceful fish, and adds a dramatic effect to the aquarium. The Blue Green Reef Chromis will live from 8-15 years in an aquarium in water of good quality.
     
  10. Germanman

    Germanman My fish are my babies

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    ok lets jump start this sticky!

    Bicolor Blenny
    (Ecsenius bicolor)
    Minimum Tank Size: 20 gallons
    Care Level: Easy
    Temp: 76-80°F
    Adult size: 4"
    Temperament: Peaceful
    Reef Compatible: Yes
    Diet: marine algae, meaty foods
    Origin: Indo-Pacific, Sri Lanka
    These fish do well as a stared fish due to the fact that they are very hardy and will aid in algae clean up in the aquarium. They should be provided with dried algae in their diet and will happily accept frozen foods as well. There are reports of them sometimes nipping at soft corals but this is very rare and tends not to be a problem. they may behave aggressively towards each other, and other blennies, but tend to get along well with other fish.
     

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  11. Germanman

    Germanman My fish are my babies

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    Clown Goby

    (Gobiodon citrinus)
    Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallon
    Care Level: Easy
    Temp: 74-80°F
    Adult size: 2"
    Temperament: Peaceful
    Reef Compatible: Yes
    Diet: most meaty foods.
    Origin: Coral Sea, Sri Lanka
    These little fish are a great starter fish for a nano aquarium and are a bit shy but a great colorful community fish. They like to perch onto of corals or branching rock pieces and tend to hide in them for a feeling of security. They shouldn’t be kept with large or aggressive fish that might eat them. They can be kept in pairs of small groups but do fine signally.
     

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  12. Germanman

    Germanman My fish are my babies

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    Mushroom Coral
    (Discosoma sp/Rhodactis sp.)
    Care Level: Easy
    Light: Moderate/ 4+wpg
    Water Flow: Low to Medium
    Placement: anywhere where it will receive good light
    Tank Conditions: 72-78°F; SG 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4
    Temperament: Semi-aggressive
    Origin: all around the tropics
    These corals are one of the best for the beginner and aren’t very demanding at all. All they need is good lighting and decent flow. They will spread through asexual reproduction and will readily do this. They will benefit from supplementation of iodine and calcium bur can get by without it. The tend to be some of the more forgiving corals, but even though they should only be added to an aquarium after the cycle has completed and the parameters are stable. They come in many color and texture morphs in the aquarium ranging from all colors to bumps and spots or stripes.
     

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  13. yothereyo

    yothereyo just fishing

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    Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral, Green
    (Sarcophyton sp.)


    [​IMG]

    Care Level: Easy
    Light: Moderate to High
    Water Flow: Medium
    Tank Conditions: 72-78°F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4; dKH 8-12
    Color Form: Green, Yellow among others
    Temperament: Peaceful
    Ideal Supplements: Iodine, Strontium, Trace Elements
    Origin: Indonesia, Tonga
    Family: Alcyoniidae

    The Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral is referred to as Sarcophyton Coral, Mushroom, Leather, or Trough Corals. They are found in various shades of brown, tan or green, with white or gold polyps. It is difficult to identify many species because they all have the similar appearance of a mushroom or toadstool, each with a distinct stalk and capitulum (cap). As they grow older, they develop a folded appearance.

    The Toadstool Mushroom Leather Corals are relatively peaceful, but adequate space should be provided between them and other corals in the reef aquarium. Some can produce toxins which are harmful to other reef inhabitants. The more plain Sarcophyton Leather Corals from Idonesia are easy to maintain in the reef aquarium and make an excellent coral for the beginning through expert reef aquarist. The colored Sarcophyton Leather Corals from Tonga are much more difficult to ship and maintain, and are only for expert aquarists. Toadstool Mushroom Leather Corals require medium to high lighting combined with medium to strong water movement. For continued good health, they will also require the addition of iodine, strontium, and other trace elements to the water.
     
  14. Catpicklesdog

    Catpicklesdog Hindsight is a wonderful thing!

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    Lawnmower blenny

    Otherwise known as: Rock blenny, Jewelled Rockskipper, Leopard Rockskipper, Algae Blenny.

    Habitat: Most blennies flourish in the reef aquarium as well as fish only
    Min Tank: size 25 gallons (30 US Gallons)
    PH: 8.1-8.3
    Temp:25-26C (77-79F)
    Ammonia: zero
    NitrIte:Zero
    NitrAte: 25ppm NO3 - klower if possible
    Specific Gravity: 1.020-1.024
    Dissolved Oxygen: 6-7ppm

    Feeding: Nearly all blennies will readily take frozen or live brineshrimp as well as other finely chopped pieces of marine fare and algae.

    Health: Although capable of contracting all the common marine diseases and ailments, blennies tend to suffer less than most fish species.

    Their lips are rough like cats tongues!!
     

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    #14 Catpicklesdog, Apr 5, 2007
    Last edited: Apr 5, 2007
  15. musho3210

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    Volitan Lionfish

    Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
    Care Level: Easy
    Tank Conditions: 72-78°F; sg 1.021-1.023; pH 8.1-8.4; dKH 8-12
    Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 1' 3"
    Color Form: Black, Burgundy, Red, White
    Temperament: Semi-aggressive
    Reef Compatible: With Caution
    Caution: Venomous
    Diet: Carnivore
    Compatibility: View Chart
    Origin: Africa, Indo-Pacific, Sri Lanka
    Family: Scorpaenidae

    Also known as the common lionfish. They are easy to find in lfs's.
    They are easy to care for fish once acclimated. Being carnivorous they may eat smaller fish and may nibble a bit on sessile invertebrate therefor caution should be taken if placed in a reef tank. They are normally raised on feeder's at lfs so once in your tank you need to change there diet. Feeding live saltwater feeder shrimp will help as well as chopped up fish, shrimp or crustacean flesh.

    The spines are poisonous and if touched it will deliver a sting similar to a wasp sting therefor care should be taken when handling.

    [​IMG]
     
    #15 musho3210, Apr 5, 2007
    Last edited: Apr 5, 2007
  16. Germanman

    Germanman My fish are my babies

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    Leather Corals

    Care Level: Easy
    Light: Moderate to High 3+wpg
    Water Flow: Medium
    Placement: most areas
    Tank Conditions: 76-80°F; SG 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4
    Temperament: Peaceful, some aggressive
    Food: phytoplankton, microbes, and photosynthetic
    Most leather corals are great for the beginner and tend to be very forgiving. This include colt corals, tree corals, toadstools, and similar corals. They all benefit from phyto and tend to do well under prime conditions. They grow fast and are easily propagated. Always check for predatory snails when one is bought and look for open branches and don’t by closed ones, but the commonly will open and close depending of feeding and time of day.
     

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  17. Dwarf Puffers

    Dwarf Puffers Registered user

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    Neon Blue Goby:

    Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallon
    Care Level: Easy
    Tank Conditions: 72-78°F, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4
    Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 2"
    Color Form: Black, Blue, Neon Blue
    Temperament: Peaceful
    Reef Compatible: Yes
    Diet: Carnivore

    The head and sleek body of the Neon Blue Goby, also known as the Neon Goby, are dark blue with a striking horizontal light-blue stripe on each side beginning above the eyes and running the entire length of the body. The Neon Blue Goby is a very hardy fish, and because of its small size, is a great addition to a small reef tank.
    It should be housed in a 10 gallon or larger aquarium. It is a cleaner species which will service tank mates and help control some diseases. Rarely will it become aggressive towards other fish, but it is territorial, and will fight with its own kind unless they are a mated pair.
    It is common for the Neon Blue Goby to spawn in an aquarium, laying its eggs in a crevice or empty shell.
    It feeds on a variety of live and frozen brine shrimp, frozen mysid shrimp, table shrimp, and frozen food preparations for carnivores. If kept in a reef tank, the Neon Blue Goby should be fed once per day.
     

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    #17 Dwarf Puffers, Apr 29, 2007
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 29, 2007
  18. Robin Alv

    Robin Alv Robin

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    Great info for me as a beginner. I have a 37 gallon and just some live rock to cycle (one week old). I may get a better light for coral down the road but have been looking into fish and everything you posted is great! Thanks so much.
    Robin
    canister filter,
    two power heads
    skimmer
     
  19. Solastsummer

    Solastsummer AC Members

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    I have heard that the bi-color blennies can be gnarly aggressive guys, i like the way they look (they look grumpy and i like it) what is your opinon on that?
     
  20. Reefscape

    Reefscape I shoot people with a Canon
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    There are so many mixed reviews from people who have added one of these to their system and had some aggression shown from the blenny towards other species of fish like goby or similar looking blenny...So, its a case of add with caution in my opinion...
     

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