Check out the link in my signature on cycling. It explains it pretty good. You will waste your money if you use a cycling agent with no real bioload.
Look at the lines on the face and body of the wild-caught discus pictured by Heiko Bleher. Notice the lines through the face and body. The
A few members have been able to transition cardinalis back to terrestrial and I may try the same it is a beautiful plant. No worries I'm not concerned
It really depends on stocking levels, and how much you are feeding. A planted tank should not ever be at 0 nitrates, because that puts the tank at a