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  1. #11
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    Scientific Name: Cherax destructor
    Common Names: Blue Claw Crayfish / Yabby
    Care Level: Low
    Adult Size: 20 cm (8 inches) with approximate weight of 300 grams (0.66 pounds) Maximum
    pH Range: 7.5 - 8.0 (Hard Water)
    Temperature Range: (F/C): 68-82 degrees Fahrenheit (20-28 degrees Celsius)
    Origin/Habitat: Australia
    Temperament/Behavior: aggressive
    Compatible Tank mates:
    Best confined in species only tank.
    Diet: High protein pellets, vegetables, plant material, live feed (Small fish, worms etc.)
    Tank Size For Adult: Recommend 24 x 12 inch or larger
    Lifespan: Up to 8 years
    Narrative: This is probably Australia's hardiest crayfish as it can tolerate a wide range of water conditions and temperatures. It is an excellent crayfish to start with and comes in a variety of colors from green/brown to bright blue.They are aggressive and will attack most other tank mates.

    References/Links:
    Credit to Yabbadoo of MFK
    Last edited by Lupin; 02-23-2009 at 8:02 PM.
    Hakuna Matata! What a wonderful phrase!
    Storm clouds may gather,
    And stars may collide,
    But I will love you until the end of time!





  2. #12
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    Scientific Name: Cherax cainii and Cherax tenuimanus
    Common Names: Smooth Marron, Hairry Marron, Electric Blue Marron
    Care Level: High
    Adult Size: 40cm (16 inches) with an approximate weight of 2.7 kg or 5.9 pounds Maximum
    pH Range: 7.5 - 8.0
    Temperature Range: (F/C): 64-75 degrees Fahrenheit (18-24 degrees Celsius)
    Origin/Habitat: Australia
    Temperament/Behavior: Aggressive & Territorial
    Compatible Tank mates:
    Best confined in species only tank.
    Diet: High protein pellets, vegetables, plant material, live feed (Small fish, worms etc.)
    Tank Size For Adult: Recommend 36 x 14 inch or larger
    Lifespan: Up to 15 years
    Narrative:
    It is a beautiful and a very large species. It needs clean and cool water quality with high oxygen levels and is not suitable for beginners. Colors range from brown/black to bright blue and purple. They are aggressive and will attack most tank mates thus these are best kept in a species tank.

    References/Links:
    Credit to Yabbadoo of MFK
    Last edited by Lupin; 02-23-2009 at 8:01 PM.
    Hakuna Matata! What a wonderful phrase!
    Storm clouds may gather,
    And stars may collide,
    But I will love you until the end of time!



  3. #13
    Moderator Lupin's Avatar
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    Scientific Name: Cherax quadricarinatus
    Common Names: Redclaw Crayfish, Blue Lobster
    Care Level: Easy
    Adult Size:
    30-35cm (12-14 inches) with an approximate weight of 600 grams or 1.3 pounds Maximum
    pH Range:
    7.5 - 8.0 (Hard Water)
    Temperature Range: (F/C):
    75-84 degrees Fahrenheit (24-29 degrees Celsius)
    Origin/Habitat:
    Australia
    Temperament/Behavior:
    Non aggressive
    Compatible Tank mates:
    Some fast swimming fish are suitable.
    Diet:
    High protein pellets, vegetables, plant material, live feed (Small fish, worms etc.)
    Tank Size For Adult:
    Recommend 36 x 12 inch or larger
    Lifespan:
    Up to 8 years
    Narrative:
    It is a very hardy crayfish that thrives in higher temperatures. It is a good choice to start with. Colors range from blue/green, brown/red to bright blue. They are somewhat non aggressive and do well when kept in numbers.

    References/Links:
    Credit to Yabbadoo of MFK
    Last edited by Lupin; 02-23-2009 at 8:06 PM.
    Hakuna Matata! What a wonderful phrase!
    Storm clouds may gather,
    And stars may collide,
    But I will love you until the end of time!



  4. #14
    Moderator Lupin's Avatar
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    Photo by Arakkis.

    Scientific Name: Tylomelania sp.
    Common Names: Sulawesi Snail; Rabbit Snail
    Care Level:
    Adult Size: 2-3 inches
    pH Range: 7.5-8.6 with a KH of 2-6
    Temperature Range: (F/C) 80-90 degrees Fahrenheit (27-32 degrees Celsius)
    Origin/Habitat: Sulawesi, Indonesia
    Temperament/Behavior: peaceful
    Compatible Tank mates:
    They can be kept in most community setups but do not attempt to keep them with fish that have a voracious appetite for invertebrates, particularly loaches of the botiine genus and puffers. Be very careful when selecting their tankmates. Most fish are tempted to nip their eyes and antennae.

    If the fish can tolerate hard alkaline water aside from being passive over the snails, they may be your best options as most specimens from acidic waters become more prone to finrot once the water chemistry is altered.
    Diet: According to one of the sites (check the references below), the stomachs of the Sulawesi snails have been found to have diatoms and sand. They have been recorded to actively hunt for mosquito larva and carrions as well as consume vegetable matter and powdered foods. There have been reports of them eating particular plants especially those with soft foliage.
    Tank Size For Adult: 20g for 3.
    Narrative:
    Sulawesi snails vary in shape and structure. All Tylomelania sp. are found in Lake Malili and Lake Poso. According to Alexandra Behrendt who conducted a test on the water parameters of two lakes, Lake Matano (specific of Lake Malili) has very soft water with maximum pH value of 8.5. This in itself is a very unusual balance and is considerably very risky in aquarium upkeep as the pH tends to fluctuate in cases where hardness is unusually very low.

    References/Links:
    www.arizonainverts.com
    http://www.allesumdieschneck.de/html...a_english.html
    Last edited by Lupin; 02-22-2009 at 3:42 AM.
    Hakuna Matata! What a wonderful phrase!
    Storm clouds may gather,
    And stars may collide,
    But I will love you until the end of time!



  5. #15
    Moderator Lupin's Avatar
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    Scientific Name: Marisa cornuarietis
    Common Names: Columbian Ramshorn Snail
    Care Level: easy
    Adult Size: 2-3 inches
    pH Range: 7.0-8.0
    Temperature Range: (F/C) 14-28 degrees Celsius (57-82 degrees Fahrenheit)
    Origin/Habitat: South America, established populations have been found in Florida, Texas and Puerto Rico.
    Temperament/Behavior: peaceful
    Compatible Tank mates:
    They can be kept in most community setups but do not attempt to keep them with fish that have a voracious appetite for invertebrates, particularly loaches of the botiine genus and puffers. Be very careful when selecting their tankmates. Most fish are tempted to nip their eyes and antennae. While the snails have the ability to regenerate their lost body parts, it is not advisable to push through your plans to risk them with possibly nippy fish. They will only be stressed out severely from constant harassments.

    If the fish can tolerate hard alkaline water aside from being passive over the snails, they may be your best options as most specimens from soft acidic waters become more prone to finrot once the water chemistry is altered.
    Diet:
    The Marisa cornuarietis will eat just about anything from dead and decaying plant material to dead animals and eggs of other animals. These are not suited for planted tanks as these will also consume healthy plants.
    Tank Size For Adult: 4 for 10g
    Narrative:
    Marisa cornuarietis are snails that are part of the Marisa genus. These are often referred to as Columbian ramshorns growing to a shell diameter of 2-3 inches. These snails originated from South America ranging from Southeast Brazil, Venezuela, Panama, Costa Rica and Honduras.

    The shell of this species has about 3.5 to 4 whorls. These snails are mainly dark yellow to brown color with dark brown to solid black bands. There are three to six dark bands that are found mainly on the umbilicus. A completely yello variant also exists although the bands are rather lacking in this case.

    These snails are sexual and therefore need a partner in order to breed. It is not easy to distinguish their sexes. One way is when they copulate. Males are often found clinging at the right side of their fellow snails. You will know by then the one clinging is a male. Males will attempt to copulate with anyone regardless of their sexes so the snail they may be clinging could be a male or a female. These snails can also interbreed with the Asolene spixi resulting hybrid generations where the main difference between the pure A. spixi and hybrid A. spixi is the shape of the spire. The spire of the pure strains remains raised while the the spire of the hybrids appear to flatten or sink. To date, this snail remains restricted from interstate shipping in USA and is banned from entry in most countries due to its potential to invade local ecosystems and surviving harsh weather conditions.

    The eggs are laid underwater. Like all other species, the warmer the temperature, the faster tha hatching rate. These snails have been recorded to be one of the most prolific laying eggs in large sacs with the babies developing noticeably. The babies eventually hatch with globose shaped shells and will not develop into a spiral shape until on a later date.

    Photo courtesy of PaulaO of Applesnail.net.


    These snails are confused with the common ramshorns (Planorbis sp.). With the exception of a mutation lacking bands, M. cornuarietis can be distinguished from the planorbids by the presence of operculum (trapdoor), labial tentacles and bands which the planorbids do not have. They are also bigger than the latter in shell diameter.

    These snails are not totally fussy eating just about anything from dead animals to healthy plants. They will appreciate fish foods and vegetable matter in their diet. Use calcium enriched foods to ensure their shells will not erode. The use of calcium pills, liquid calcium, cuttlefish bones, plaster of Paris pucks and eggshells is widely encouraged for healthy shell conditions especially when the water is rather soft and acidic. The pH must be maintained no lower than 7.0 as acidic water tends to erode the shells thus leaving the snail more susceptible to health issues, predatory attacks and even death.

    They can be kept in most community setups but do not attempt to keep them with fish that have a voracious appetite for invertebrates, particularly loaches of the botiine genus and puffers. Be very careful when selecting their tankmates. Most fish are tempted to nip their eyes and antennae. While the snails have the ability to regenerate their lost body parts, it is not advisable to push through your plans to risk them with possibly nippy fish. They will only be stressed out severely from constant harassments.

    If the fish can tolerate hard alkaline water aside from being passive over the snails, they may be your best options as most specimens from soft acidic waters become more prone to finrot once the water chemistry is altered.

    References/Links:
    www.applesnail.net
    Last edited by Lupin; 02-19-2009 at 2:17 AM.
    Hakuna Matata! What a wonderful phrase!
    Storm clouds may gather,
    And stars may collide,
    But I will love you until the end of time!



  6. #16
    Moderator Lupin's Avatar
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    Scientific Name: Asolene spixi
    Common Names: Zebra Apple Snail
    Care Level: easy
    Adult Size: 2 inches
    pH Range: 7.0-8.0
    Temperature Range: (F/C)
    Origin/Habitat: Brazil
    Temperament/Behavior: peaceful
    Compatible Tank mates:
    They can be kept in most community setups but do not attempt to keep them with fish that have a voracious appetite for invertebrates, particularly loaches of the botiine genus and puffers. Be very careful when selecting their tankmates. Most fish are tempted to nip their eyes and antennae. While the snails have the ability to regenerate their lost body parts, it is not advisable to push through your plans to risk them with possibly nippy fish. They will only be stressed out severely from constant harassments.

    If the fish can tolerate hard alkaline water aside from being passive over the snails, they may be your best options as most specimens from soft acidic waters become more prone to finrot once the water chemistry is altered.
    Diet:
    Tank Size For Adult: 4 for a 10g
    Narrative:

    References/Links:
    www.applesnail.net
    Last edited by Lupin; 02-22-2009 at 3:26 AM.
    Hakuna Matata! What a wonderful phrase!
    Storm clouds may gather,
    And stars may collide,
    But I will love you until the end of time!



  7. #17
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    Photo by flaringshutter.

    Scientific Name: Pomacea haustrum
    Common Names: Triton Apple Snail
    Care Level: easy
    Adult Size: 3 inches
    pH Range: 7.0-8.0
    Temperature Range: (F/C) 18-26 degrees Celsius (68-78 degrees Fahrenheit)
    Origin/Habitat: South America
    Temperament/Behavior: peaceful
    Compatible Tank mates:
    They can be kept in most community setups but do not attempt to keep them with fish that have a voracious appetite for invertebrates, particularly loaches of the botiine genus and puffers. Be very careful when selecting their tankmates. Most fish are tempted to nip their eyes and antennae. While the snails have the ability to regenerate their lost body parts, it is not advisable to push through your plans to risk them with possibly nippy fish. They will only be stressed out severely from constant harassments.

    If the fish can tolerate hard alkaline water aside from being passive over the snails, they may be your best options as most specimens from soft acidic waters become more prone to finrot once the water chemistry is altered.
    Diet:
    These snails are voracious consumers devouring almost all types of plants including duckweeds (Lemna minor) hence they are not suitable for planted community setups. Juveniles in particular tend to be more avid plant consumers. Any food will be consumed quite enthusiastically as these are not the least bit fussy about their foods at all.
    Tank Size For Adult: one per 10g
    Narrative:
    Pomacea haustrum are snails that are part of the Pomacea genus (formerly Ampullaridae). These are often referred to by their scientific name although they are also called triton apple snail. These snails originated from South America ranging from Brazil, Peru and Bolivia throughout the river system of Amazon River.

    Pomacea haustrum can be distinguished by the deeply indented sutures with a sharp shoulder similar to Pomacea insularum. The 3-D model can be found in here for comparison with other apple snail species.

    These snails are sexual and therefore need a partner in order to breed. They are not sexually matured until they reach 2.5 cm in size. It is not easy to distinguish their sexes however if you can remove the snail out of the water and observe closely the right side of its body, you may find the penis sheath in there. This will tell you the snail is a male. Another way is when they copulate. Males are often found clinging at the right side of their fellow snails. You will know by then the one clinging is a male. Males will attempt to copulate with anyone so the snail they may be clinging could be a male or a female.

    They lay clutches of large green eggs above the waterline. The eggs must be kept in warm humid conditions. Removing them from their location involves using a razor blade without crushing them. Wait for 24 hours for the eggs to harden before removing them. Place the clutch in damp paper towel or filter floss afterwards. The eggs will become lighter as time progresses. You can tell when the eggs are about to hatch when they break easily as you touch or attempt to move them. The hatchlings may need a little assistance in this case. You can gently swish the eggs in the water so they fall off to the bottom although most hatchlings are able to find their way to the water. The hatchlings will remain hidden from view most of the time so be patient. They will eventually show up. They can be identified by the green dot coloring their sutures which eventually disappears as they grow.

    Feeding them is not a problem as they are not at all fussy with foods. They eat all types of plant matter and are banned from interstate shipping and distribution. This species is more resistant to lower temperatures than most apple snails. They are most active during the night. Use calcium enriched foods to ensure their shells will not erode. The use of calcium pills, liquid calcium, cuttlefish bones and eggshells is widely encouraged for healthy shell conditions. The pH must be maintained no lower than 7.0 as acidic water tends to erode the shells thus leaving the snail more susceptible to health issues, predatory attacks and even death.

    They can be kept in most community setups but do not attempt to keep them with fish that have a voracious appetite for invertebrates, particularly loaches of the botiine genus and puffers. Be very careful when selecting their tankmates. Most fish are tempted to nip their eyes and antennae. While the snails have the ability to regenerate their lost body parts, it is not advisable to push through your plans to risk them with possibly nippy fish. They will only be stressed out severely from constant harassments.

    If the fish can tolerate hard alkaline water aside from being passive over the snails, they may be your best options as most specimens from soft acidic waters become more prone to finrot once the water chemistry is altered.
    References/Links:
    www.applesnail.net
    Hakuna Matata! What a wonderful phrase!
    Storm clouds may gather,
    And stars may collide,
    But I will love you until the end of time!



  8. #18
    Moderator Lupin's Avatar
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    Scientific Name: Pomacea insularum
    Common Names:
    Care Level: easy
    Adult Size: 4 inches
    pH Range: 7.0-8.0
    Temperature Range: 18-28 degrees Celsius (68-84 degrees Fahrenheit)
    Origin: Islands of Parana, La Plata, Bolivia
    Temperament: peaceful to aggressive
    Compatible Tankmates:
    They can be kept in most community setups but do not attempt to keep them with fish that have a voracious appetite for invertebrates, particularly loaches of the botiine genus and puffers. Be very careful when selecting their tankmates. Most fish are tempted to nip their eyes and antennae. While the snails have the ability to regenerate their lost body parts, it is not advisable to push through your plans to risk them with possibly nippy fish. They will only be stressed out severely from constant harassments.

    If the fish can tolerate hard alkaline water aside from being passive over the snails, they may be your best options as most specimens from soft acidic waters become more prone to finrot once the water chemistry is altered.
    Diet:
    These snails are voracious consumers devouring almost all types of plants including duckweeds (Lemna minor) hence they are not suitable for planted community setups. Juveniles in particular tend to be more avid plant consumers. Any food will be consumed quite enthusiastically as these are not the least bit fussy about their foods at all.

    Meaty foods have been known to increase their cannibalistic tendencies especially when fed with a weakened or dead snail. They have also been recorded thus far to even eat live fish when a prey least expects it although this is a very rare and unusual case but be particularly selective when choosing their fish tankmates. Bottom dwellers with fleshy bodies such as serpentine loaches are best avoided to prevent any possible predation from happening.
    Tank Size For Adult: A 10g per adult.
    Narrative:
    Pomacea insularum are snails that are part of the Pomacea genus (formerly Ampullaridae). These snails originated from South America ranging from Southeast Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Bolivia. These are now also widespread across Asia due to their ability to survive various environmental conditions. They have established populations in Hawaii and Florida.

    It can be distinguished similar to the Pomacea haustrum by the deeply indented sutures with a sharp shoulder with the exception of egg color which in the case of Pomacea haustrum, they lay green eggs whereas the snail in question lays bubblegum pink eggs.

    These snails are sexual and therefore need a partner in order to breed. They are not sexually matured until they reach 2.5 cm in size. It is not easy to distinguish their sexes however if you can remove the snail out of the water and observe closely the right side of its body, you may find the penis sheath in there. This will tell you the snail is a male. Another way is when they copulate. Males are often found clinging at the right side of their fellow snails. You will know by then the one clinging is a male. Males will attempt to copulate with anyone so the snail they may be clinging could be a male or a female. On the other hand, based on Donya Quick's researches, males tend to be more powerful. They will attack other males especially when they round on a female in order to mate. They are by far one of the most aggressive species in the canaliculata complex. Pomacea insularum is capable of crossbreeding with the Pomacea canaliculata however the resulting babies are not fertile and a majority based on the researches by Donya Quick have genetic deformities.

    They lay clutches of bubblegum pink eggs above the waterline containing 200 to 1000 eggs. In comparison to the P. canaliculata, the eggs are smaller in diameter and are laid in a larger clutch. The eggs must be kept in warm humid conditions. Removing them from their location involves using a razor blade without crushing them. Wait for 24 hours for the eggs to harden before removing them. Place the clutch in damp paper towel or filter floss afterwards. The eggs will become lighter as time progresses. You can tell when the eggs are about to hatch when they break easily as you touch or attempt to move them. The hatchlings may need a little assistance in this case. You can gently swish the eggs in the water so they fall off to the bottom although most hatchlings are able to find their way to the water. The hatchlings will remain hidden from view most of the time so be patient. They will eventually show up. They can be identified by the pink dot coloring their sutures which eventually disappears as they grow. They will grow rapidly at this point.

    Feeding them is not a problem as they are not at all fussy with foods. They eat all types of plant matter and are banned from interstate shipping and distribution. This species is more resistant to lower temperatures than most apple snails. They are most active during the night. Use calcium enriched foods to ensure their shells will not erode. The use of calcium pills, liquid calcium, cuttlefish bones and eggshells is widely encouraged for healthy shell conditions. The pH must be maintained no lower than 7.0 as acidic water tends to erode the shells thus leaving the snail more susceptible to health issues, predatory attacks and even death.

    They can be kept in most community setups but do not attempt to keep them with fish that have a voracious appetite for invertebrates, particularly loaches of the botiine genus and puffers. Be very careful when selecting their tankmates. Most fish are tempted to nip their eyes and antennae. While the snails have the ability to regenerate their lost body parts, it is not advisable to push through your plans to risk them with possibly nippy fish. They will only be stressed out severely from constant harassments.

    If the fish can tolerate hard alkaline water aside from being passive over the snails, they may be your best options as most specimens from soft acidic waters become more prone to finrot once the water chemistry is altered.
    References:
    www.applesnail.net
    Quick, Donya, 2006 [online] http://lyle.smu.edu/~dquick/snails/insularum.htm
    Hakuna Matata! What a wonderful phrase!
    Storm clouds may gather,
    And stars may collide,
    But I will love you until the end of time!



  9. #19
    Moderator Lupin's Avatar
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    Photo by Arakkis.

    Scientific Name: Neritina juttingae
    Common Names: Porcupine Nerite Snail
    Care Level:
    Adult Size:
    pH Range:
    Temperature Range: (F/C)
    Origin/Habitat:
    Temperament/Behavior:
    Compatible Tank mates:
    Diet:
    Tank Size For Adult:
    Narrative:

    References/Links:
    Hakuna Matata! What a wonderful phrase!
    Storm clouds may gather,
    And stars may collide,
    But I will love you until the end of time!



  10. #20
    Moderator Lupin's Avatar
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    Photo by Arakkis.

    Scientific Name: Geosearma spp.
    Common Names: Vampire Crab
    Care Level:
    Adult Size:
    pH Range:
    Temperature Range: (F/C)
    Origin/Habitat:
    Temperament/Behavior:
    Compatible Tank mates:
    Diet:
    Tank Size For Adult:
    Narrative:

    References/Links:
    Hakuna Matata! What a wonderful phrase!
    Storm clouds may gather,
    And stars may collide,
    But I will love you until the end of time!



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