I have decided to write an article on how to control algae. Remember I have learned all of this from my personal experience. If you have any tips or anything to add please feel free to do so. There are three types of algae there is hair algae, An algae bloom, and beard algae. Hair algae is the kind that grows on your glass. An algae bloom turns the actual water green. These two will be the ones I will mostly be talking about as I have never had beard algae but a lot of these thing would help keep a beard algae outbreak from happening. The key to controling algae is to keep your water exceptionally clean. 1. Lower the lighting We all like to turn on that light when we wake up and then turn it off when we go to bed. Pretty much everybody has done this at some point. However In an unplanted tank lighting should be 6-10 hours. In a planted tank it should be longer depending on your plants. But wait a second here if I go to work at 8 o'clock AM and get back at 5 o'clock PM that is 9 hours of light surely you want more viewing time then that. The key is to buy a relatively inexpensive timer. People normally use these as burglar detterent while they are on vacation. All you have to do is plug your light to the time. Set the timer from say 2:00 PM to 9:00 PM. 2. Add Live Plants Adding live plants is probaly the second best thing to control algae next to lowering the lighting. Plants compete with algae for light, and nutrients. Certain plants are better for algae control than others. Try getting plants that don't need as much light so that you can lower your lighting as well. 3. Weekly Water Changes Water changes should be done at least twice weekly. You should be changing at least 40% each week. Regular water changes deprive the algae of their food source. not only is essential to your fish's health but also helps control algae. 4. Don't Overfeed Okay let's think about this for a second. The algae needs three things to grow: light, food, water. so we have already discussed how the lighting let's discuss the food part. There are several food sources that might cause an algae bloom. Mabye a dead fish under that castle or food staying on the bottom. Obviously overfeeding could cause an algae bloom in several ways. first of all No food should touch the bottom unless it is algae tablets or something similar. The food on the bottom fouls up the water and serves as a food source for the algae. The second way to cause an algae bloom through overfeeding is in fish waste. I won't go in too that section as that could take up a whole article. But the general rule of thumb is what your fish can consume in under 5 minutes. However if you are trying to control algae I would suggest under 1 and 1/2 minutes. 5. Filtration Filtration is important when your water itself turns green. Not as much for the algae which grows on walls(however it will help that slightly by keeping tha water clean). Whenever I have an algae bloom is when my filtration is down. Change the fine floss. If you have adjustable filtration raise it up. Do as much as possible to increase filtration. In my personal experiencecleaning the motor on power filters really helps. More to come so stay tuned!